Battle of Towton – March 29, 1461

Edward IV defeated Henry VI and the bloody Battle of Towton on March 29, 1461. Henry VI fled for safety in Scotland while the new Yorkist king set his sights on putting down any other claimants to the throne, especially Margaret Beaufort and her Lancastrian relatives. Margaret realized the danger and fled with her husband, son, and brother-in-law Jasper Tudor to the protection of Pembroke Castle.